ACM has named Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) professors Shafi Goldwasser and Silvio Micali as the recipients of the 2012 A.M. Turing Award, renowned as the “Nobel Prize in Computing.” The Turing Award, ACM’s top technical honor, is bestowed on recipients who have made significant contributions with a lasting impact on computing. “By formalizing the concept that cryptographic security had to be computational rather than absolute, they created mathematical structures that turned cryptography from an art into a science,” ACM says. “Their advances led to the notion of interactive and probabilistic proofs and had a profound impact on computational complexity, an area that focuses on classifying computational problems according to their inherent difficulty.” Goldwasser and Micali are responsible for the security that makes online transactions possible, including Web browser and credit card encryption, says ACM president Vinton Cerf. The recipients, principal investigators at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab, collaborated on the mathematical foundations of cryptography. The winners will share the Turing Award’s $250,000 prize, made possible by Google and Intel donations. ACM will present the 2012 A.M. Turing Award at its annual Awards Banquet on June 15, in San Francisco.
More info: Network World (03/13/13) Bob Brown